Newcastle Total Pest Control – Greg Hancock

We can fix all of your termite worries!!

Complete termite and general pest services. We are a small family owned and operated business that actually cares about their clients needs. We don’t have the overheads of a large company so we can keep our prices competitive.

Newcastle Total Pest Control Pty Ltd offers all aspects of pest control including termite and borer treatments. We service Newcastle, Central Coast and the Hunter Valley

Our name precedes us because of the quality of our workmanship and the honesty and reliability of our employees.

Our pest managers are all fully licensed and fully qualified and our company has all insurances in place. We also follow the latest OH&S regulations.

Our technicians are all fully qualified in the use of Thermal imaging and Termitrac motion detecting systems.

Thermal Imaging

These are highly sensitive and expensive cameras that can detect differences in temperature. When used by competent and experienced termite specialists, this equipment can often pinpoint areas of termite activity behind walls that would otherwise be invisible without removal of the wall. This allows you to minimise disruption and in most cases avoid invasive inspection altogether.

Termite inspections and Pre Purchase Inspections.

All Termite inspections are carried out by fully qualified inspectors with years of expierience in their trade. Each property is inspected with the upmost care and diligence using the tools of the trade which includes, moisture meters,special knocking implements, high wattage torches and the knowledge and expertise that this company has come to expect from all employees.
We inspect all interior rooms, roof voids and sub-floor areas (where possible) as well as external areas and surrounding areas of the property.
Upon completion our inspectors inform you of not only any areas of concern but also any areas they may be of concern at a later date.
A written report is supplied for each property in Australian Standard 3660-2 format itemising all areas of the property including areas of concern and how to rectify any problems and in the case of Pre Purchase Inspections the report is issued in a bound copy with colour photos supplied.
Upon completion of all inspections our inspectors are always availiable to answer any questions that may arise from these reports and to help you to understand the report.

Termites

Termites are small, soft-bodied, social insects that feed on wood, grass, dead leaves, bark, humus, fungi or the dung of herbivores. They are commonly known as white ants, but are not related to true ants.

There are over 2300 species of termites of which about 350 occur in Australia, and of these about 12 damage sound timber.

Termites also recycle organic materials and aerate the soil. They are an important part in the diet of other animals and their activities provide hollow logs, which are used by birds and mammals. Economically, the important termites are the subterranean species that usually nest under, or in contact with, the ground.

The following species do the most economic damage: Coptotermes acinaciformis, Coptotermes acinaciformis raffrayi, Coptotermes michaelseni, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Nasutitermes exitiosus and Schedorhinotermes reticulatus.

Note that the suspected occurrence of drywood termites, or other unusual damage to timber, should be reported to Agriculture Western Australia. Drywood termites nest in wood above the ground and do not require contact with the ground.

Social structure

Each termite colony may comprise more than a million insects divided into specialised groups called castes. Each caste is physically different and performs a particular function.

Primary reproductives are the king and queen that established the nest after leaving existing colonies. In an established nest the queen may be enlarged and practically immobile. In some species, the queen can lay 2000 to 3000 eggs per day. The king and queen may live for 15 years and are replaced when too old to meet the needs of the colony. The king periodically fertilises the queen, unlike bees, wasps and ants where the queen usually mates only at the beginning of her reproductive life.

Winged reproductives or alates are the future kings and queens of new nests. They have a well developed cuticle, compound eyes, and two pairs of usually dark brown elongated membranous wings of equal length. Alates disperse in large numbers from mature colonies, usually in warm humid weather. They are weak fliers and quickly land and drop their wings. The females release a scent (pheromone) to attract a male with which to establish a nest. Only a small percentage are successful in establishing new colonies. It takes several years of development before a nest can do significant damage. Alates are only produced in well-established, mature nests. During their dispersal flight, alates commonly land on the roofs of buildings and move inside. This is not a matter for concern since they must first establish a nest in the ground. However, alates seen emanating very close to the house suggest a nest is nearby and a pest control operator should be contacted.

Soldiers are sterile males and females. Their main function is to protect the colony. They also scout and locate new sources of food. Soldiers have a thin, white or light brown cuticle over most of the body and a thicker, dark brown cuticle covering the head. Soldiers are physically distinctive and are the primary group used for species identification. Soldiers cannot feed themselves and are dependent on the workers for their nutrition. Some soldiers exude an acid fluid as a means of defence. This fluid can corrode metal and will penetrate mortar and low grade concrete.

Workers are the sterile males and females that feed the colony, rear young and repair and enlarge the nest. They are the only caste that can chew and digest the cellulose in wood. Workers have thin cuticles and are the most numerous caste of the colony.

Workers, soldiers and the enlarged queen are very susceptible to desiccation owing to their thin cuticles. Thus the humidity of the nest is kept at 90 to 95 percent. When termites are forced to cross a structure that they cannot eat, they construct mud-like shelter tubes (or galleries) which protect them against light, desiccation and predators.
Life Cycle

The life cycle of termites is described as “incomplete metamorphosis” with egg, nymph and adult stages. In the nymph stage termites grow through a series of moults. The life cycle of true ants is known as “complete metamorphosis”; with egg, larvae, pupa and adult stages.

Did you know that termites destroy more homes in Australia than fire, floods, storms and tempest, combined? Don’t take any chances when it comes to protecting your home against these highly destructive pests.

Termite Barriers for Termite Control

TERMIDOR is the newest termite control product on the market in Australia. Since its release in 2002, Termidor has rapidly grown to become one of the leading termite control products on the Australian market.

TERMIDOR is applied as a treatment to the soil surrounding existing structures. Traditionally these types of applications are referred to as chemical barriers, although in the case of Termidor, the chemical does not act in the same way as many older chemicals. Rather than a barrier that repels termites, Termidor acts as a non repellant treated zone, which allows termites to enter and therefore more efficiently killed.

Non-Repellency

The newest innovation in termite treatments is the use of chemicals that are non-repellent to the termites. What this means is that termites are unable to detect the chemical in the soil, unlike many older chemicals and therefore as they continue to forage through the soil, they unknowingly come in contact with these non-repellent termiticides.

The above diagram clearly shows what happens when termites come in contact with a repellent chemical barrier. The termites have foraged through the soil in all directions, including towards the chemical barrier. Upon reaching this barrier they have been not entered and therefore continued to explore through the soil. The termites have continued to explore the soil until they have found the gap in the barrier, at which point they have passed through. In this instance, the chemical used in the barrier has killed none of the termites.

Similarly, in the Termidor treated case, the termites have again actively foraged through the soil. However, unlike the repellent product, they have unknowingly entered into the Termidor treated zone. This has resulted in the death of the termites, as is seen by the presence of white mould growing on the dead termite bodies.

Thanks to Termidor’s unique “Transfer Effect™”, termites don’t even need to come into contact with the treated soil to die. Termites that do come into direct contact with Termidor subsequently pick up the product on their bodies and serve as carriers who then transfer Termidor to other termites. These secondarily affected termites can also pass Termidor on through feeding or contact.
Termidor controls termite populations faster than any other termiticide, especially bait/monitoring systems but is relatively slow acting in individual termites. Therefore, termites have ample time to spread Termidor to their nest mates before dying. This is the beauty of Termidor’s unique “Transfer Effect”.

Cockroaches

Cockroaches are found all over the world. There are more than 3,500 species of cockroach. The most common varieties in Australia include the German, American, Australian and Oriental cockroaches.
American & Australian cockroaches are large and black. German cockroaches are smaller and brown. Oriental cockroaches are medium sized and dark brown to black in colour.

Because cockroaches eat a wide range of food, including rotting garbage, it is believed that they spread a number of diseases to humans including salmonella and gastroenteritis. Recent studies have indicated cockroaches can also cause allergies.

A cockroach infestation can be treated with a combination of good hygiene practices and insecticide.

Identifying a cockroach

The characteristics of a cockroach include:

  • Oval-shaped body
  • Six legs
  • Long antennae
  • Flat and low-lying body
  • Fast-moving
  • Winged.

Cockroaches may spread a range of diseases

It is believed that the cockroach may be a reservoir for a range of bacteria including salmonella, staphylococcus and streptococcus. The cockroach can also harbour viruses such as the polio virus.

Like the household fly, the cockroach will eat virtually anything ranging from food spills on a kitchen floor to faecal matter. Ingested bacteria can survive in the cockroach’s digestive system, sometimes for months or even years, and are passed in its droppings. Cockroaches will vomit and defaecate on food and it is thought that disease may be transmitted to humans when humans eat food contaminated by cockroaches.

Recent research suggests that the cockroach may also be associated with human allergies.

The life cycle of a cockroach

A female cockroach lays between 10 and 40 eggs at a time. On average, the female can lay around 30 batches of eggs in her lifetime. The hatched young look the same as adult cockroaches, but smaller and without wings. Depending on the conditions and type, a cockroach can live for up to 12 months. These insects are cold-blooded and thrive in warm, humid conditions. This is why buildings in the northern parts of Australia are particularly prone to infestations.

Common hiding spots

Cockroaches prefer to live in kitchens and other food preparation areas, so they can feed off food spills and have access to water. Hiding spots for the household cockroach include:

  • Cracks in walls.
  • Confined spaces, such as behind the refrigerator, in a pantry or underneath a stack of magazines, newspapers or cardboard boxes.
  • Any furniture items that are generally left undisturbed.
  • Kitchen cupboards.
  • Below sinks.
  • Around water heaters.
  • In drains and grease traps.
  • Gardens.

Treating the house yourself

This is not recommended, however. Some general suggestions to helping control cockroaches yourself include:

  • Thoroughly clean the house at least weekly.
  • Pay special attention to the kitchen and other food preparation areas.
  • Clean regularly underneath the fridge, stove, toaster and other movable appliances.
  • Empty the kitchen’s rubbish bin regularly.
  • Do not leave out pets’ food or food scraps in pet bowls.
  • Clean up any food spills promptly.
  • Make sure there are no sources of water such as a dripping tap, as cockroaches need a steady water supply to survive.
  • Store food in sealed containers.
  • Repair any holes, cracks or gaps in the walls, skirting boards and inside cupboards.
  • Don’t stack newspapers, magazines or cardboard boxes anywhere in the house.
  • Keep compost bins screened and away from the house.
  • Use physical traps, such as greased margarine tubs containing a smear of honey as the lure – cockroaches will climb in for the food, but be unable to get out because of the grease (or oil) on the tub.

 

PO Box 689 Warners Bay, NSW 2282

nopest@ntpc.com.au

0410 766 040